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Article Title Abstract (Partial) Journal Year PMID SOM Author
►The wounds of childhood: Early trauma subtypes, salience and hyperarousal in a sample of adult psychiatric patients BACKGROUND: The relationship between early trauma, hyperarousal and aberrant salience has been investigated exclusively in specific clinical samples, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychotic patients, and the results suggest that both dimensions are trauma-induced events, which may lead to the later onset, or increase the vulnerability to psychiatric disorders. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the possible relationships among early childhood trauma subtypes and the dimensions of hyperarousal and aberrant salience in an adult sample of psychiatric patients. Int J Soc Psychiatry 2020 31933422 Battaglia, Fortunato
►Longitudinal 16-year study of dominant intermediate CMT type C neuropathy BACKGROUND: Dominant-intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy subtype C (DI-CMTC) is associated with mutations in the YARS gene. The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term natural history of the disease. METHODS: In a 5-generation DI-CMTC family, we compared data from 2016 to that of 2000 in 13 of 21 original participants. RESULTS: Five women and 8 men were examined. While most symptoms and signs progressed, only gait progression was statistically significant (P = .016). The median CMT Neuropathy Score was 6.08 in 2000 and 11 in 2016 (P = .001). Quality of life (QOL) deteriorated in mobility (P = .008), pain/discomfort (P = .011), and anxiety/depression (P = .014). Muscle Nerve 2020 31587308 Thomas, Florian P.
Duloxetine in Psychiatric Disorders: Expansions Beyond Major Depression and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Background: Duloxetine hydrochloride (DUL) is an antidepressant included in the pharmacological class of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and chronic musculoskeletal pain. The aim of this review was to elucidate current evidences on the use of DUL in the treatment of a variety of psychiatric disorders. Methods: This systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Front Psychiatry 2019 31749717 Battaglia, Fortunato
Transcriptional dysregulation by a nucleus-localized aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a length-dependent peripheral neuropathy. The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases constitute the largest protein family implicated in CMT. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are predominantly cytoplasmic, but are also present in the nucleus. Here we show that a nuclear function of tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) is implicated in a Drosophila model of CMT. CMT-causing mutations in TyrRS induce unique conformational changes, which confer capacity for aberrant interactions with transcriptional regulators in the nucleus, leading to transcription factor E2F1 hyperactivation. Nat Commun 2019 31695036 Thomas, Florian P.
Testing Feasibility of a Mobile Application to Monitor Fatigue in People With Multiple Sclerosis BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a significant and burdensome symptom for patients with multiple sclerosis and is associated with other symptoms, signs, and decreased quality of life. METHODS: A prospective pilot study was conducted with a convenience sample (n = 34) of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis using a phone application, FatigueApp.com, to collect data on patient-reported outcome measures (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System [PROMIS]). RESULTS: FatigueApp feasibility was good, with the ability to collect data on self-reported fatigue and other symptoms using PROMIS measures. J Neurosci Nurs 2019 31688283 Thomas, Florian P.
Genetic Analysis of a Large Family with Migraine, Vertigo, and Motion Sickness BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common disorder most typically presenting as headache and often associated with vertigo and motion sickness. It is a genetically complex condition with multiple genes ultimately contributing to the predisposition and development of this episodic neurological disorder. We identified a large American family of 29 individuals of which 17 members suffered from at least one of these disorders, migraine, vertigo, or motion sickness. Many of these individuals suffered from sev The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences 2019 31258098 Kramer, Phillip D.; Hanna, Philip A.
Effect of Red Yeast Rice on Cognitive Functioning in Schizophrenia: Data From a Pilot Study. BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits (CDs) in schizophrenia affect poor outcome and real-world community functioning. Because redox imbalance has been implicated, among other factors, in the pathophysiology of CDs, antioxidant compounds may have a beneficial effect in their treatment. Red yeast rice (RYR), besides its lipid-lowering effect, exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. METHODS: Thirty-five schizophrenia outpatients (age range, 18-60 years) on stable antipsychotic treatment and assessed by neuropsychological (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test [WCST], Verbal Fluency, and Stroop task) and psychodiagnostic instruments (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale) received RYR at daily dosage of 200 mg/d (total monacolin K/capsule content, 11.88 mg) for 12 weeks. RESULTS: Red yeast rice supplementation significantly improved WCST "perseverative errors" (P = 0.015), "total errors" (P = 0.017, P = 0.001), and phonemic fluency test (P = 0.008); a trend for improvement on other WCST variables ("nonperseverative errors," "perseverative responses," and "categories") was observed. Effect sizes, according to Cohen's suggestions, were small in all explored cognitive dimensions. There were no significant change in clinical symptoms and no subject-reported adverse effects. Journal of clinical psychopharmacology 2019 30921099 Battaglia, Fortunato
Associations Between Self-Reported Symptoms and Gait Parameters Using In-Home Sensors in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurological disorder, characterized by exacerbations and remissions, often resulting in disability affecting multiple neurological functions. The purpose of this article was (1) to describe the frequencies of self-reported symptoms in a natural environment and (2) to determine characteristics and associations between self-reported symptoms and home gait parameters (speed, stride time, and stride length) at baseline and at 3 months in patients with MS. METHODS: Participants completed the self-report MS-Related Symptom Scale to measure symptoms. A three-dimensional depth imaging system (Foresite Healthcare) was used to measure gait parameters in the home environment. RESULTS: T Rehabilitation Nursing: The Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses 2019 30649037 Thomas, Florian P.
Effects of taurine acute intake on cortical excitability and post-exercise facilitation: A TMS study Taurine (TAU) is one of the most abundant amino acids in the brain. It has many important physiological functions. The effects of TAU supplementation on brain function need to be further characterized in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a single dose of Taurine (TAU) intake would modulate corticospinal excitability and post-exercise facilitation (PEF) of the motor evoked potentials (MEP). Behavioural Brain Research 2019 30248365

Thomas, Florian P.;

Han, Zhiyong (Medical Sciences);

Battaglia, Fortunato

Hypericum perforatum extract modulates cortical plasticity in humans BACKGROUND: Hypericum perforatum (HYP) extract is one of the most commonly used complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression. Non-invasive brain stimulation protocols can be used to investigate the effect of psychoactive substances on the human brain. In this study, we explored the effect of a single dose of HYP extract (WS 5570) intake on corticospinal excitability and plasticity in humans. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy subjects were required to intake 900 mg of either HYP extract or placebo. Cortical excitability was assessed using single and paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The electrophysiological parameters of motor threshold, recruitment of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs), c Psychopharmacology 2018 29018896 Battaglia, Fortunato
Exploring the effect of adaptogenic Rhodiola Rosea extract on neuroplasticity in humans OBJECTIVES: Rhodiola rosea extract is one of the most common herbal treatment for stress. Its mechanism of action in humans still need to be determined. We investigated the effect of a single dose intake of Rhodiola rosea extract on the plastic after-effects induced by anodal and cathodal motor cortex transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in humans. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy volunteers were required to intake 500 mg of either RRE or placebo. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation was used to investigate cortical excitability. Motor threshold, recruitment of motor-evoked potentials, cortical silent period, short-interval intracortical inhibition and intracortical facilitation were assessed at different time points. Spinal excitability and p Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2018 30477830 Battaglia, Fortunato
Potential of personal health record portals in the care of individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders: Provider perspectives CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Although personal health record (PHR) portals are designed for patients, healthcare providers are a key influence in how patients use their features and realize benefits from them. A few studies have examined provider attitudes toward PHR portals, but none have focused on those who care for individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D). We characterize SCI/D provider perspectives of PHR portals, including perceived advantages and disadvantages of PHR portal use in SCI/D care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Centers in the Veterans Health Administration. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six SCI/D healthcare providers. INTERVENTIONS: None. OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 2018 28325112 Thomas, Florian P.
Medical and neuropsychiatric phenomena depicted in two Spanish medieval texts of Marian miracles In the history of Christianity, veneration of the Virgin Mary reached its greatest intensity in the XIII century. Her perceived impact on daily life was tremendous and not surprisingly this extended to the spheres of disease and healing. The purpose of this study is to compare the medical and neuropsychiatric findings in two XIII century Spanish texts of Marian miracles, both examples of the popular Catholicism (vs. official catholic doctrine). We analyzed the medical and neuropsychiatric events in the Cantigas de Santa Maria (Canticles of St. Mary, CSM), composed at the court of Alfonso X and the Milagros de Nuestra Señora (The Miracles of Our Lady, MNS), written by Gonzalo de Berceo. Among the 25 miracles reported in the MNS, medically re Neurological Sciences 2018 29164358 Thomas, Florian P.

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