Learning how to write a literature review is critical tool for an academic, and perhaps even a professional career. Being able to summarize and synthesize prior research relating to a certain topic not only demonstrates having a goof grasp on available information for a certain topic, but it also assists with the leaning process. Although literature reviews are important for one's academic career they are often misunderstood and underdeveloped. This article is intended to provide both undergraduate and graduate students skills and perspectives on how to develop and strengthen their skills in writing a literature review.
This work-in-process literature review gives an overview of recent insight in the incorporation of social media in risk and crisis communication. By marrying literature and examples of social media use with best practices in risk and crisis communication, this study demonstrates how communicators can embrace social media tools to better manage a risk or crisis. Best practices in risk and crisis communication are summarized, examples of social media tools used to manage risks and crises are expounded, and recommendations for practitioners are provided to incorporate social media tools in risk and crisis communication.
Although many scholars have pointed out problems in framing research, there has been very few systematic examinations of the published literature. To examine the common conceptual debates, the present study content analyzes framing literature from 93 peer-reviewed journals for a decade. Two methods were employed for the sample: First, every journal identified as a 'communication journal' in the Journal Citation Report was included; second, keyword searches in electronic databases were used. The main findings showed that framing studies have concentrated more on message design and 'unique' frames. Consistent with existing debates, results highlight the lack of research about production of frames and mixed frames. This examination of a decade's published literature reveals better direction for future research.